All about Dussehra history and gifts

All about Dussehra history and gifts


Vijayadasami (a.k.a Dussehra, Dasara) is a festival celebrated all over India. The festival falls on the tenth day of the bright half (waxing moon) of the Hindu month of Ashvin. The festivities last 10 days and Dasara marks the culmination of the festival. It is also referred to as Navaratri. Basically, the legend, as it is in the case of most of the festivals, comprises the victory of Good over Evil. It is also regarded as an auspicious occasion to start new ventures in any field.

Happy Dussehra

Navratri and Dussehra

Navratri is a festival popularly known as the festival of worship and dance. The word Navaratri literally means nine nights in Sanskrit; Nava meaning Nine and Ratri meaning nights. During these nine nights and days, nine forms of Shakti/Devi i.e. female divinity are worshipped. The nine-day festival of Navratri is held in honor of the nine manifestations of Goddess Durga.

The religious significance behind the celebration of Navratri is that the nine days are divided and devoted to the Trinity of God worshiped in a female form.

On the last day that is on 10th day, dussehra is celebrated. This time dussehra is on Saturday, the 30th of September (30/9/2017).

Dussehra in northern India

In Northern India, the same 10-day festival is in celebration of the victory of Lord Rama, prince of Ayodhya over Ravana, the king of Lanka. Ravana abducted Sita, wife of Rama and held her captive in Lanka. Lord Rama, with the help of Hanuman, Sugreeva, the monkey king of Kishkindha forest, builds a bridge over the sea and travels to Lanka and kills Ravana in the ensuing battle and takes Sita back with him.

Dussehra links in Mahabharata

There is another legend associated with this festival. It is in the Mahabharata. Having lost the dice game, Pandavas were banished by the Kauravas for 12 years. They lived in forest during that period. There was the stipulation that they had to remain incognito during that period and in case they were found, they had to spend another 12 years in the forests. At that time, in order not to get exposed, they had to lay aside their divine and powerful weapons. They concealed their weapons in a ‘shami’ tree close to the place of their residence. At the end of every year, they came to the ‘shami’ tree and found their weaponry intact, worshiped the tree and Goddess Durga, the presiding deity.

The Kauravas were making every attempt to trace Pandavas so that they could be sent away to the forests once again. By the time Kauravas found them, it was past the stipulated time and Pandavas went to the ‘shami’ tree, collected their weapons and went straight to the battle field to fight the Kauravas. The day these events take place is dasami (tenth day) and as the Pandavas were victorious, it was also referred to as Vijayadasami. The word ‘Vijaya’ in Sanskrit means victory. It is for this reason that people exchange leaves from the shami tree and hug each other on the day of Vijayadasami.


How is dussehra celebrated ?

On Vijayadasami day, people worship their weapons as it is supposed to be the most auspicious day to do so. Machines, motors and tools that people use to carry out their respective trades and occupations are worshiped as they provide livelihood and bring prosperity to people and society. Vehicles are decorated colorfully on that day and people wear new clothes and exchange greetings. It is also the time to exchange gifts. Companies and businesses declare bonus to their employees during Dasara.

People use to exchange “Sone ka patta” on Dussehra !

Yes, you heard it right but that sona is not that sona (Gold). Sona is a tree also known as श्वेत-कांचन or Piliostigma Racemosum.

Piliostigma Racemosum has been mentioned in various Ayurvedic text such as Sushrut and Charak samhita. Charak has prescribed Son Patta as antiseptic, astringent and recommended for non-healing ulcers, female disorders and dysentery.

dussehra son patta

श्वेत-कांचन leaves (sone ka patta :p) are emollient containing anthraquinone and aloe-emodin.

The root bark and stem bark have anti-allergic properties and are being used in treatment of allergic diseases, urticaria, jaundice, asthma, sore throat, laryngitis, hoarseness, diarrhoea, dysentery, infantile, erythema and measles.


So friends, Wish you a very happy Dussehra. If you liked this post and have something to share please do comment and share with you social network too.

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Dinesh Suthar !

Source: EzineArticles

By Dinesh Suthar
Tagged in:
Dasara , Dashara , Deepawali , Dipawali , Diwali , Dussehra , Festivals of India , Navaratri , Navratri ,
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